The transition from oil-based to biomass-based economics is a major challenge for the economy as a whole. In this context, biomass raw materials must be used in cascade. The material use of high-quality biogenic raw materials takes precedence over their use as fuel. As a result, heat production must be increasingly generated with residual materials, by-products and biogenic waste materials. For this reason, the project will make use of woody residues and waste materials by means of targeted mechanical treatment. The resulting biogenic solid fuels are to be used for the production of renewable heat in small and medium-sized combustion plants according to 1. and 4. German Immission Control Act (BImSchV).
In the sense of the project, the aim is to prove that low-quality, natural wood assortments represent an unused fuel potential by means of extended sorting and processing in conjunction with quality assurance. Among other things, the aim of mechanical treatment is to separate pollutants and contaminants from the wood waste and to develop novel, biogenic solid fuels from residual and waste materials. The use of the fuels in combustion test plants is also intended to demonstrate environmental compatibility and to prove its successful treatment.