Project meeting of STEP at the site of the company ATS - Agro Trading & Solutions in Hardegsen (Photo: DBFZ)

Heat Power Biogas Biomass technologies Validation market potential Biomethane strategy

Project ID 03KB155

GreenSelect - Optimized use of fermentable green waste batches through selective municipal collection and conservation

Herbaceous green waste in the project GreenSelect (project number 03KB155) (Source: Witzenhausen-Institute)


  • 01.10.2019 – 31.12.2021


Witzenhausen-Institut für Abfall, Umwelt und Energie GmbH
Werner-Eisenberg-Weg 1
37213 Witzenhausen

Raussen, Thomas – Projektleiter
Telefon: +49-(0)5542-9380-15

Dr. Felix Richter – Direkter Ansprechpartner / Projektkoordinator
Telefon: +49-(0) 5542-9380-25


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The overall project deals with the so far insufficient exploitation of the potential of herbaceous green waste for high-quality multiple use as biogas substrate (energetic) and compost from fermentation residues (material). New collection systems will be tested and value chains will be optimized.


The central objectives of GreenSelect are: 

  • determine the available potential of herbaceous green waste for energetic use
  • test various selective collection systems for herbaceous green waste from private households and municipal areas
  • test various silage techniques for the conservation of the collected herbaceous green waste
  • develop model value chains on the basis of an analysis of material and energy flows
  • economic evaluation with regard to their relevance to climate and resources
  • formulate recommendations for practical use


1.    Estimation of potential: Estimation of the quantity potential of herbaceous green waste in Germany as well as the proportion that can be collected in a fresh, i.e. fermentable state.

2.    Analysis of legal framework: Documentation and evaluation of the currently binding legal framework in Germany for the collection, processing and recycling of herbaceous green waste.

3.    Testing of selective collection systems for herbaceous green waste: Together with practice partners, four different collection systems will be tested in model experiments:

  • collection after gardening maintenance on municipal properties
  • collection in private households with a collection system
  • collection at allotment gardens with a collection system
  • separate collection at recycling centers

4.    Testing of ensiling techniques for herbaceous green waste: Together with agricultural service providers (research institute), various ensiling techniques are being tested in model experiments:

  • bale silage
  • hose silage
  • silage in driving silo

5.    Processing and utilisation in biogas fermentation plants: Together with operators of biogas fermentation plants, the processing and utilisation of differently ensilaged herbaceous green waste is tested in practice.

6.    Value chains: Development of one or several model value chains for a comprehensive recycling concept for herbaceous green waste.

7.    Evaluation with regard to economy, climate, resources: A comprehensive economic assessment is carried out for all developed value chains. Similarly, the different value chains are evaluated with regard to their relevance in terms of greenhouse gas savings, energy generation and resource savings.

8.    Recommendations for practice: Based on the findings, practical solutions and differentiated recommendations for the optimised use of herbaceous green waste will be developed.


  • green waste
  • potential analysis
  • legal framework
  • model experiments
  • separate collection
  • material energetic use
  • value chains
  • economic valuation
  • climate and resource relevance


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