Project meeting of STEP at the site of the company ATS - Agro Trading & Solutions in Hardegsen (Photo: DBFZ)


Project ID 03EI5429

Waste2Fuel - Energy-efficient recycling of residual materials to produce novel renewable fuels


  • 01.03.2021 – 29.02.2024


Fraunhofer Institute for Environmental, Safety, and Energy Technology UMSICHT, Institute Branch Sulzbach-Rosenberg
An der Maxhütte 1
92237 Sulzbach-Rosenberg

Dr. Andreas Apfelbacher – project leader
Telephone: +49-(0)9661 8155-419


03EI5429B - Gunvor refinery Ingolstadt GmbH
03EI5429C - BMW AG
  • Address:
  • BMW AG
    BMW AG
    Petuelring 130
    80809 München
  • Contact:
  • Lars Menger – project leader
    Telephone: +49-(0)89 382-96790

03EI5429D - Friedrich Alexander University Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU)
03EI5429E - LEIPA Georg Leinfelder GmbH

Associated partners

03EI5429 - MAN Truck & Bus SE

Cooperation partners



Planned results:

  • plant level: procedures
  • concept level: plant concept
  • market level: ready for market technologies
  • data level: scenarios
  • publications: scientific paper (ISI, peer-reviewed)
  • others: best-practice-solutions


The overall project addresses the production of renewable fuels from industrial paper residues and the introduction of the thermochemically produced fuel precursors into a refinery for refinement into fuels. In addition to the thermochemical conversion of the residues and the refinement of the fuel precursors produced by means of hydrogenation, the project also examines the tax classification of the fuels produced. Another aspect of the investigations is the engine testing of the fuels. The project is flanked by theoretical studies on the scaling of the plant and the marketing of the fuels.


The aim is to demonstrate the production of renewable fuels from residues from the paper industry, to test the fuels and to evaluate the integration of the renewable fuel into the existing infrastructure of a refinery. In addition to the technical investigations, a holistic system-analytical, regulatory and economic consideration of the overall concept as well as the legal evaluation of the current legal framework for renewable fuels will be carried out.


Fraunhofer UMSICHT

  • TCR of the paper residues
  • Practical simulation of the refining processes in the pilot plant
  • Upscale of the TCR plant

Gunvor Rafinery Ingolstadt GmbH

  • Qualification of TCR oils for refining use
  • Support of the practical simulation of the refining processes in the technical centre


  • Comparison of the TCR-based fuels and fossil gasoline regarding pollutant emissions on a vehicle test bed.

Friedrich-Alexander University Erlangen-Nürnberg

  • Identification of all legal framework conditions relevant for the production and use of the fuel and recommendation for action

Leipa Georg Leinfelder GmbH

  • Provision of the feedstock
  • Support with the up-scaling of the TCR system for the Leipa site.

East Bavarian Technical College Amberg-Weiden

  • Engine tests of the TCR-based gasoline blends

MAN Truck & Bus SE

  • Demonstration and testing of diesel fuel fraction on a MAN Group transport vehicle with online exhaust gas analysis

Clariant Products (germany) GmbH

  • Preparation of the TCR oil ethanol blend products


Fraunhofer UMSICHT

Science and research, planning, project development, pilot plants, analytics, biofuels

Gunvor Raffinerie Ingolstadt GmbH

Processing technology, refinery


Engine development, automotive engineering

Friedrich-Alexander University Erlangen-Nürnberg

Science and research

Leipa Georg Leinfelder GmbH

Paper production or paper recycling

East Bavarian Technical College Amberg-Weiden

Science and research, engine testing

MAN Truck & Bus SE

Engine development, motor vehicle manufacturer

Clariant Products (germany) GmbH

Chemical raw materials manufacturer


Project Search


Further networking

Project database